"NGOs are voluntary social work organisation who renders help to government and society for improvement of quality of life people and also animals. From education to health to environment and to poverty alleviation, the scope of NGOs operational areas touches every part of life.”
Characteristics that differentiate the range of organizations operating under the NGO banner include: size, organizational structure, nature of national and international affiliation, mission, operational program areas, geographic location, administrative efficiency, accountability, financial resources and funding sources, level of coordination with government and other NGOs, and membership criteria. Strategies used range from grass roots/local community organizing, education, leadership development, policy development and implementation, empowerment through local and national coalition building, to human rights and social justice promotion and monitoring.
NGOs worked for the target populations include specific categories of the poor and disenfranchised; age and gender-specific groups; selected occupational groups (e.g. farmers and fishermen); and persons adversely affected by disease, natural and man-made disasters, ethnic strife and forced migration. Many NGOs work together as a team locally and nationally, especially in programs aimed at poverty alleviation, sustainable development, and disaster relief. They may be a part of a larger effort coordinated by an international body such as the United Nations and its specialized agencies (UNICEF, WHO, UNHCR) or by multinational organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross, The major advantages of NGOs include their flexibility, ability to innovate, grass-roots orientation, humanitarian vs. commercial goal orientation, non-profit status, dedication and commitment, and recruitment philosophy.
In addition to supporting innovation, NGOs may serve as pilots for larger anticipated projects, help to motivate and involve community based organizations whose constituents may be the primary beneficiaries of a larger project, serve as advocates or ombudspersons, and are in a unique position to share communication both horizontally and vertically. Relief for families and children affected by the AIDS pandemic, local social development, environmental protection, gender equality, the protection of children’s rights and freedoms, and promoting the positive and fighting against the ill effects of economic.
They are particularly critical in circumstances where State funds are limited, political situations are fluid, natural disasters resulting from both predictable and unpredictable environmental circumstances. Fortunately, a host of local, national, and international NGOs operating throughout the Orissa, which have made tremendous help for the development of Orissa. They have also been on the front lines in the fight for human rights, equality, freedom, and social justice in Orissa.
Keeping in the mind of NGOs contribution for the development of Orissa, orissadiary has listed more than 100 NGOs in this section.