There are six large sugar mills in the State. The sugar mills are located at:
Aska in Ganjam District
Baramba in Cuttack District
Deogaon in Bolangir
Haripur in Dhenkanal
Sugarcane Development in Orissa
Orissa is predominantly an agricultural state with rural population of around 85%
60% of the population earn their livelihood from agriculture or allied sectors
State has 62 lakh hectares of cultivable land
High land – 27 lakh hectare, Medium land – 19 lakh hectare, Lowland- 16 lakh hectare
10 Agro- climatic Zones
8 major soil groups
Suitable agro-climate condition for sugarcane cultivation
Presently 36,000 hectares of land is under sugar cane cultivation
Basic infrastructure and irrigation are available for cane development
Average yield is 69 MT/ha. (approx.)
6 sugar mills are in production with an annual capacity of 16.87 lakh MT
Excise Policy: New excise policy of the state would help sugar factories for production of ethanol from molasses
Sugar consumption & production gap: State's consumption is around 5 lakh tonnes per year against production of about 50,000 tonnes of sugar
Farm Mechanization: Present movement for farm mehanization will reduce cost of cane production
Under the marine sector there are 559 marine fishermen villages with a population of 1,73,197 who depend on the marine resources for their livelihood. There are 64 fish landing centers, which include 4 Fishing Harbours and 16 Jetties.
At present Orissa is having 23 exporters who are processing in 19 nos. of modern processing plants spreading throughout the coastal districts of Orissa. Out of 19 processing plants, 5 are European approved standard and few of them are highly International standard to meet the requirement of the International market. The total capacity of production of the plants are 342 MT per day. However the average utilisation capacity of the plants are only 11%. The total contribution of sea food production of Orissa in the basket of India sea food export is 8% in terms of quantity and 5% in terms of value. In 2002-03 which has been reduced to 4% in terms of value and 3% in terms of quantity. In the year 2004-05, 11% utilisation capacity of our processing factories is mainly due to decline of oceanic catch un-utilisation of vast coastal land for aquaculture and inadequate infrastructure. However, to increase the potentialities of exports, tremendous opportunities are available.
Orissa during 2004-05 produced 121.93 thousand tones of marine fishes from all the landing centres. Out of which only 65.24 thousand tonnes are sold to other states and other countries . A sizeable quantity of marine dry fishes are exported to Calcutta. Marine products landed in coastal districts of Orissa are exported to Japan, U.K., U.S.A., Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand and Spain.